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The Four Types of Information Vital for Every CV and Resume
© MyCVBuilder.Com - 27-Jul-04

Every single employer requires his or her employees to be equipped with the right balance of skills to function at maximum efficiency within the organisation. These skills are placed into four main categories.

Every single employer requires his or her employees to be equipped with the right balance of skills to function at maximum efficiency within the organisation. These skills can be placed into four main categories.

They are as follows:

Specialist: These are qualities that are unique and specific to the job itself, and include technical skills, knowledge and experience in a particular field of work or specialist area.

General Business: These are general business skills that are required to maintain a business. Even though as an employee you are not responsible for the overall running of the company, you must still show some general business skills that will be valued by the organization. This includes looking for efficiencies, economies and having a profit-oriented understanding.

Personal: These are your personal qualities and skills that are not unique to the job itself, but relate to how you get along as a person, and how you motivate and channel yourself to achieve and get things done.

People: These skills relate to how you interface and deal with other people, your ability to work with them and to get on with them positively.

Most jobs require varying combinations of these four types of skills. Employers do not just look at your specialist skills. Rather, employers want to maximize the benefit to their business and this includes looking at a candidate’s aptitude to make the business more profitable and efficient. This is the reason that the four categories of skills above are extremely important.

The following tables give more insight into the types of things you would include under each of these four types of skills.


  • Company-specific skills - Specialist knowledge, eg product or market knowledge; specialist skills, eg IT packages; unique language skills, Chinese; specialist interpersonal skills, eg public speaker

  • Technical skills - Professional, sector-based or functional skills, eg journalism, research, aerospace engineering, tax accounting, counselling, creative design, economist, personnel, sales, marketing

  • Understanding commercial goals of company - Specialist understanding of an organisation’s goals, priorities and future direction (combination of self-reliance, business acumen and people skills)


  • Problem solving - Achiever, successful, results-orientated, project management, creative, practical, logical, astute, agile mind

  • IT/computer literacy - IT skills, software packages, common sense, taskorientated, progressive, specific, office skills, keyboard skills

  • Flexibility - Multi-disciplinary, flexible, versatile, multi-skilled, willing, obliging, mobile, adaptable

  • Numeracy skills- Accurate, logical, problem-solver, detailed, methodical, consistent, quick thinker, analytical, thorough

  • Business acumen - Competitive, entrepreneurial, enterprising, commercial, foresight, budgeter, risk-taker, effective written communication

  • Commitment - Dedicated, trustworthy, conscientious, reliable, loyal, punctual, knowledgeable, experienced


  • Self-awareness/ confidence
    Purposeful, focused, reflective, perceptive, honest, self-belief, objective, realistic, balanced

  • Self-promotion skills
    Positive, persuasive, pleasant, proactive, persistent, ambitious, opportunistic, promoter

  • Initiative and proactivity
    Resourceful, energetic, drive, flexible, self-starter, self-reliant, initiative, self-disciplined

  • Networking skills
    Initiator, trustful, personable, relationship builder, persistent developer, resourceful, adaptable

  • Willing to learn
    Motivated, adaptable, enthusiastic, active, keen learner, inquisitive, continual improver

  • Action planning
    Decision maker, planner, organised, negotiator, responsive, evaluator, forward thinker, target-driven, able to prioritise


  • Teamworking - Supportive, facilitator, organised, co-ordinator, deliverer, imaginative, delegator, open-minded

  • Leadership - Dynamic, motivator, team-builder, confidence booster, energetic, capable, outward-looking, accountable, visionary

  • Interpersonal skills - Listener, adviser, counsellor, politically aware, initiator, professional, co-operative, constructive, assertive

  • Customer orientation - Welcoming, friendly, caring, approachable, constructive, accommodating, tactful, diplomatic, tolerant

  • Oral communication - Educator, trainer, communicator, presenter, promoter, influencer, humorous, empathetic, telephone skills

  • Foreign language - Specific language skills, cultural awareness, international experience, written and oral expertise, sensitivity

To be able to write effective CVs and resumes, you should create your own skills matrix and identify all your skills in each of these areas. Our Online Skills Audit Tool will help you to perform a detailed skills audit and create a skills matrix sheet that lists what you have to offer to potential employers.

With your skills audit and your more refined skills matrix, you can start to create powerful CVs and resumes that are highly targeted and contain the precise skills and requirements employers are looking for. After analyzing job adverts and identifying the skills required by the employer you can refer back to your own personal skills matrix to find ways to present a strong match.

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